At the G20 symposium in Berlin, experts from 28 nations discussed preventive and educational measures against radicalisation and terrorism. State Secretary for the Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, Dr. Ralf Kleindiek, stressed the importance of a joint exchange of experiences in preventing radicalisation in our societies. The event focused on child and youth work.
There are representatives of 28 countries here, and we are fulfilling a mandate from the heads of government of G20 countries, namely to exchange experiences about the prevention of radicalisation in our societies.
Radicalisation is taking away the youth from the real questions. The dream of an equal society, dream of building nations which believe in social justice, having a life where everyone has dignity. Instead of working towards that, radicalisation takes away a lot of young people from there and also leads them to violence which is absolutely not good for anyone.
Prevention of radicalisation is very, very important. It’s clear that repressive measures are decisive when it comes to stopping terrorism. But the police and intelligence services don’t reach people in the early stages of radicalisation, where parents, family, and schools may still have the opportunity. And if the aim is to avoid radicalisation right from the start, then these civil society actors must be included, and here prevention is important.
The educational responsibility lies in supporting people to change themselves. And the security policy aspect is to ensure that when someone is at risk, to avoid this danger. And the most important aspect for me in such a collaboration is to make the various roles clear and distinct, and to set the boundaries between them.
First and foremost prisons are seen both by the public as well as by government as a place where you lock up the bad guys. And particularly with this group and given the atrocious deeds that many of these offenders have undertaken, terrorism offenders in prison should remain in prison, and funding their management, let alone their reintegration is not very popular. So firstly we need to overcome that problem. Secondly, among the staff working with them, there’s a lot of fear and misunderstanding of the kind of risk that this group pose, and they're often seeing them as one and the same. Every terrorist is the same and poses the same danger, which of course doesn’t hold true.
What becomes really important is that once someone is indoctrinated in any way you have to deal, you have to do interventions, you have to deal with that part of ideology as well. And so if you’re talking about preventing radicalisation, we would almost say that that is not the beginning part of it, it means you are already somewhere along in the process.
Our project is really popular among young Muslims and the reason is instead of using languages, target groups and who we are targeting is more important to kind of humanize and use another type of language and include people.
By preventing radicalization you will gain peace. And when you got peace you got prosperity for the people, for the country.
Radicalisation and extremism don’t recognise borders, don’t recognise national borders. This is particularly true of the internet, which is why international collaboration is so important.